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Air Source Heat Pumps from Ice Energy

Here at Ice Energy we've been huge advocates of heat pumps for more than a decade. While ground source heat pumps offer greater efficiencies over air source heat pumps, the ground source solution is not for everyone, often due to space considerations or the required ground works for heat pumps. As a result, many people wrongly believe they are better off retaining their existing heating system but in actual fact, air source heat pumps can save  hundreds of pounds on annual running costs with minimal installation disruption.

Our Air Source Heat Pumps

Our air source heat pumps have been carefully selected from the industry's leading manufacturers because of the superior quality of the products and the efficiency gains they offer. It's possible for our air source heat pumps to operate with a Co-Efficient of Performance (COP) of 3 to 1 meaning that for every kilowatt of electricity you pay for, you get 3 kilowatts of heat output. This makes it at least 3 times cheaper than a direct electric heating system.

Mitsubishi Ecodan Air Source Heat Pump

Daikin Altherma Air Source Heat Pump

 

What are Air Source Heat Pumps?

Air source heat pumps are renewable energy products which extract heat from the air to provide a total solution for domestic hot water heat which can be distributed via underfloor heating systems or radiators.

Our NEW IVT AirX air source heat pump is the most efficient air source heat pump in the world based on results of a Danish test of 190 rival heat pumps. More efficient, quieter and easier to fit, this innovative product can provide heat and hot water for your residents AND provide generate income from the Renewable Heat Incentive. Click here to find out more.

How do Air Source Heat Pumps work?

There are many heat pump misconceptions which have led to confusion as to how air source heat is produced, but in fact the way in which air source heat pumps work is actually very simple and not unlike any domestic refrigerator.

Overview

As air source heat pumps simply move energy rather than creating it by burning fossil fuels, they are extremely efficient. For every 3kW of heat moved into the house by the heating pump, only 1kW of electricity is consumed. This gives a perceived efficiency of performance by air source pumps of 300%, sometimes stated as a Co-efficient Of Performance (COP) of 3:1*.

Collecting the heat

The air source pump uses a fan to force air over a heat exchanger (simply a copper coil filled with refrigerant) to extract heat from the air.

The Evaporator

The purpose of the Evaporator within the air source heat pump is to take the air source heat obtained by the heat exchanger and boil the refrigerant (which boils at approximately -10˚C). The act of boiling turns the refrigerant into a vapour which is then transferred to the Compressor.

The Compressor

The Compressor does exactly what its name suggests; vapour is compressed in volume and as its volume reduces, its temperature increases to levels between 75˚C and 125˚C. The gas is then fed through a heat exchanger within the heating pump.

The Heat Exchanger

Forcing the hot gas across the cold water from the central heating system condenses the refrigerant back into a liquid. As it condenses its heat is passed into the heat exchanger which supplies the domestic hot water and powers the central heating system using the air source heat extracted originally.

The Expansion Valve

To complete the closed circuit of the air source heat pump, the only thing which needs to be done is reduce the pressure of the condensed liquid. This is achieved via the expansion valve.

The case for Air Source Heat Pumps

There are many advantages of heat pumps, not least the ability of air source heat pumps to extract heat from the surrounding air at temperatures as low as -25˚C (depending on the size of the heating pump installed). Other heating systems could well struggle at these lower temperatures but with air source pumps, you can be sure of a warm and comfortable environment for your tenants.

*It's worth remembering that to get the most efficiency from a heat pump system, it pays to make the property as well insulated as possible. Less well insulated homes may not achieve the highest COP levels. COP levels will also depend on the emitter system (radiators, etc) installed. Why not talk to us about our EWI proposition?

The short video below focuses on a scheme where air source heat pumps replaced electric storage heaters within social housing properties in a rural village location.

 
 

 

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